In cloud computing, data placement is a critical operation performed as part of workflow management and aims to find the best physical machine to place the data. It has direct impact on performance, cost and execution time of workflows. Number of data placement algorithms is designed in cloud computing environment that aimed to improve various factors affecting the workflows and their execution including the movement of data among data centers. This paper provides a complete survey and analyses of existing data placement schemes proposed in literature for cloud computing. Further, it classifies data placement schemes based on their assess capabilities and objectives. Further objectives and properties of data placement schemes are compared. Finally future research directions are provided with concluding remarks.