Stability Evaluation Method of High Fill Loess Foundation Based on Numerical Simulation

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Wenli Wu
Lei Wang
Jiheng Cheng
Renzhuo Hao


In order to understand the stability evaluation method of high fill loess foundation, the author proposes a study on the stability evaluation method of high fill loess foundation based on numerical simulation. The author first established a three-dimensional finite element model of a multi-level high fill slope using PLAXIS 3D software  based on a loess high fill slope engineering project in a certain section of northwest China. The study investigated the effects of changes in fill materials, fill boundaries, slopes, and unloading platforms on slope stability. Secondly, based on the vertical and horizontal displacement of the top and foot of each level of slope under step-by-step filling, the distribution pattern of the most dangerous points of each level of slope and the overall deformation trend of the slope were analyzed. The results indicate that the cohesion and internal friction angle of the filling material are key factors affecting the stability of high fill slopes. Reducing the height of the steps at the boundary between the filling and the undisturbed soil, deepening the width of the steps, reducing the slope, and widening the unloading platform can all improve the stability of the slope. During the construction of lower slopes, there is a significant vertical displacement mutation, while the horizontal displacement mutation is relatively slow; After the construction is completed, the deformation situation is good, and the vertical and horizontal displacement of the higher slope during construction changes greatly, with uneven distribution; After the completion of construction, the consolidation settlement period is long and the deformation is large; Emphasis should be placed on strengthening deformation monitoring at high altitudes after construction is completed. Finally, the platform width can be selected within this range based on the actual engineering situation. After the platform width is greater than 3.6m, as sufficient platform width has been reached at this point, further increasing the platform width has little impact on the safety factor, and the curve gradually flattens out. The research results have determined the stability influencing factors, deformation trends, and development laws of loess high fill slopes in the northwest region, providing a scientific basis for further research on deformation control of loess high fill slopes.

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Special Issue - Deep Learning-Based Advanced Research Trends in Scalable Computing