Onward and Autonomously: Expanding the Horizon of Image Segmentation for Self-Driving Cars through Machine Learning

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Raviteja Tirumalapudi
Nanda Kumar M
Sirisha J


Autonomous navigation is the leading technology in current era, in this intelligent traffic light, sign detection, ADAS and obstacle detections were playing major role. Image segmentation is the process of dividing an image into different regions, or semantic classes. This is a challenging problem in autonomous vehicle technology because it requires the vehicle to be able to understand its surroundings to safely navigate. The major challenges in this platform are the accuracy and efficiency of model performance. The proposed method in the abstract uses a convolutional neural network (CNN) to perform image segmentation. CNNs are a type of deep learning model that is well-suited for image processing tasks. The CNN in this paper was trained on a local city dataset, and it was able to achieve a mean intersection over union (IoU) of 73%. IoU is a measure of how well the segmentation results match the ground truth labels. A score of 100% indicates that the segmentation is perfect, while a score of 0% indicates that the segmentation is completely wrong. This means that the method can segment images at a very fast rate, which is important for autonomous vehicles that need to make real-time decisions. Overall, the proposed method is a promising approach for image segmentation in autonomous vehicles. It can achieve high accuracy and speed, and it is easy to implement using Python. The proposed method attains an accuracy of 98.34 %, a Sensitivity of 97.26 % and a sensitivity of 96.37 % had been attained. The method could be used to improve the safety and efficiency of autonomous vehicles by enabling them to better understand their surroundings.

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Special Issue - Unleashing the power of Edge AI for Scalable Image and Video Processing