Prediction of Diabetes Mellitus using Artificial Intelligence Techniques

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SumaLata G L
Joshitha C
Meenaksh Kollati


Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a global health challenge, demanding proficient predictive models for early identification and intervention. This study adopts a comprehensive strategy for diabetes prediction with Machine learning algorithms, utilizing PIMA Indian diabetes dataset which encompasses clinical, demographic and lifestyle data. Employing techniques like Recursive Feature Elimination (RFE) and correlation analysis, the feature selection process identifies influential predictors, including glucose levels, Body Mass Index (BMI), Blood Pressure and diabetic history of family. A distinctive facet of this study involves integrating IBM Auto AI, automating the machine learning pipeline for tasks like feature engineering, hyperparameter tuning and model selection. Through comparative analysis, the research evaluates the efficiency and performance enhancements achieved through automation in contrast to manually-tailored models. Evaluation metrics encompass accuracy, precision, recall, and F1 score. Crossvalidation, particularly k-fold cross-validation, ensures model generalization to diverse subsets of the dataset. The research outcomes offer valuable insights into the optimal amalgamation of AI techniques for diabetes prediction, underscoring the significance of interpretability, performance, and automation in healthcare analytics. The proposed Methodology is evaluated with different classifiers with Auto AI and without Auto AI techniques. Using IBM Auto AI,Gradient boosting algorithm performed well with 84.4 % accuracy and Logistic Regression showed good accuracy of 84. 4% among conventional machine learning techniques without Auto AI using Pima Indian Diabetes Dataset.

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