Unsupervised Unmixing and Segmentation of Hyper Spectral Images Accounting for Soil Fertility

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K. Lavanya
R. Jaya Subalakshmi
T. Tamizharasi
Lydia Jane
Akila Victor


A crucial component of precision agriculture is the capability to assess the fertility of soil by looking at the precise distribution and composition of its different constituents. This study aims to investigate how different machine learning models may be used to assess soil fertility using hyperspectral pictures. The development of images using a random mixing of different soil components is the first phase, and the hyper spectral bands utilized to create the images are not used again during the analysis procedure. The resulting end members are then acquired by applying the NFINDR algorithm to the process of spectral unmixing this image. The comparison between these end members and the band values of the known elements is then quantified., i.e. it is represented as a graph of band values obtained through spectral unmixing. Finally we quantify the similarities between both graphs and proceed towards the classification of the hyper spectral image as fertile or infertile. In order to classify the hyper spectral image as fertile or infertile, we quantify the similarities between the two graphs. Clustering and picture segmentation algorithms have been devised to help with this process, and a comparison is then made to show which techniques are the most effective.

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