AMIGM: Animal Migration Inspired Group Mobility Model for Mobile Ad hoc Networks

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Jyotsna Verma
Nishtha Kesswani

Abstract

The most widespread notion of mobility model is the representation of mobile node’s movement pattern in the wireless ad hoc networks which has a significant impact on the performance of the network protocols. In this paper, we have proposed an Animal Migration Inspired Group Mobility (AMIGM) model for mobile ad hoc networks based on the migration behavior of animals like, insects, flock of birds, schools of fishes, reptiles, amphibians, etc. The propound model tries to overcome the limitations of the existing mobility models, such as temporal dependencies, spatial dependencies, geographical restrictions and migration of nodes between the group of nodes so that it can realistically model the real world application scenarios. The proposed AMIGM model is based on Animal Migration Optimization (AMO) algorithm, in which each group of nodes has two phases namely, Migration phase and Population updating phase. In the first phase, the model simulates the movement of nodes in the group from one position to another by obeying the swarming laws. In the second phase, the model simulates joining and leaving of the nodes in the group during migration. The protocol dependent and independent performance metrics of the proposed model are compared with Random Waypoint Mobility model (RWP) and Reference Point Group Mobility model (RPGM) through ns-2 simulator.

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Section
Research paper